In order to control the media in India, ‘Acts’ were passed in
1835, 1867, 1878, 1908
Media of Laws in India have a long history, Censorship of Press Act 1799 was enacted by Lord Wellesley. Press Act of 1835, Governor general was Charles Metcalf, This new act ‘Press Act’ in need printer/publisher to give accurate account of premises of a publication and cease functioning.
Registration Act 1867 was replaced on Act 1835 by the Metcalf’s, As per the Act, (i) every book/newspaper was required to print the name of the printer and the publisher and the place of the publicaiton. (ii) A copy was to be submitted to the local government within one month of the publication of a book.
In 1878 come in to force Vernacular Press Act, The Vernacular Press Act was designed to ‘better control’ the vernacular press and effectively punish and repress seditious writing.
In 1908 Newspaper Act (Incitement to Offences); This act empowered the magistrates to confiscate press property which published objectionable material likely to cause incitement to murder.